Observational signatures of past mass-exchange episodes in massive binaries: the case of LSS 3074⋆,⋆⋆
1 Space sciences, Technologies and Astrophysics Research (STAR) Institute, Liège UniversityQuartier Agora, Allée du 6 Août 19c, Bât. B5c, 4000, Liège, Belgium
2 Astronomy and Astrophysics Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Received: 22 December 2016
Accepted: 13 February 2017
Context. The role of mass and momentum exchanges in close massive binaries is very important in the subsequent evolution of the components. Such exchanges produce several observational signatures such as asynchronous rotation and altered chemical compositions, that remain after the stars detach again.
Aims. We investigated these effects for the close O-star binary LSS 3074 (O4 f + O6-7:(f):), which is a good candidate for a past Roche lobe overflow (RLOF) episode because of its very short orbital period, P = 2.185 days, and the luminosity classes of both components.
Methods. We determined a new orbital solution for the system. We studied the photometric light curves to determine the inclination of the orbit and Roche lobe filling factors of both stars. Using phase-resolved spectroscopy, we performed the disentangling of the optical spectra of the two stars. We then analysed the reconstructed primary and secondary spectra with the CMFGEN model atmosphere code to determine stellar parameters, such as the effective temperatures and surface gravities, and to constrain the chemical composition of the components.
Results. We confirm the apparent low stellar masses and radii reported in previous studies. We also find a strong overabundance in nitrogen and a strong carbon and oxygen depletion in both primary and secondary atmospheres, together with a strong enrichment in helium of the primary star.
Conclusions. We propose several possible evolutionary pathways through a RLOF process to explain the current parameters of the system. We confirm that the system is apparently in overcontact configuration and has lost a significant portion of its mass to its surroundings. We suggest that some of the discrepancies between the spectroscopic and photometric properties of LSS 3074 could stem from the impact of a strong radiation pressure of the primary.
Key words: stars: early-type / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: massive / stars: individual: LSS 3074 / binaries: eclipsing / binaries: spectroscopic
Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile) and the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (Chile). CTIO is a division of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO). NOAO is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), Inc., under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation (USA). Also based on observations collected with XMM-Newton, an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA member states and the USA (NASA).
Tables A.1–A.3 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/601/A133
© ESO, 2017