Investigating early-type galaxy evolution with a multiwavelength approach
II. The UV structure of 11 galaxies with Swift-UVOT⋆
1 INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
2 INAF-IASF, via E. Bassini 15, 20133 Milano, Italy
3 INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Brera 28, 20121 Milano, Italy
Received: 19 September 2016
Accepted: 3 February 2017
Context. GALEX detected a significant fraction of early-type galaxies, in particular S0s, showing far-UV bright structures, sometimes involving an entire galaxy out to its outskirts. These features suggest the presence of either recent ongoing and/or prolonged star formation episodes, shedding new light on the evolution of these systems.
Aims. We aim at understanding the evolutionary path[s] of these early-type galaxies and the mechanisms at the origin of their UV-bright structures. We investigate with a multiwavelength approach the link between the inner and outer galaxy regions of a set of 11 early-type galaxies that were selected because of their nearly passive stage of evolution in the nuclear region.
Methods. This paper, second of a series, focuses on the information coming from the comparison between UV features detected by Swift-UVOT, which trace recent star formation, and the galaxy optical structure, which maps older stellar populations. We performed a surface photometric study of these early-type galaxies, observed with the Swift-UVOT UV filters W2 2030 Å λ0, M2 2231 Å λ0, W1 2634 Å λ0 and the UBV bands. BVRI photometry from other sources in the literature was also used. Our integrated magnitude measurements were analyzed and compared with corresponding values in the literature. We characterize the overall galaxy structure that best fits the UV and optical luminosity profiles using a single Sérsic law.
Results. The galaxies NGC 1366, NGC 1426, NGC 3818, NGC 3962, and NGC 7192 show featureless luminosity profiles. Excluding NGC 1366, which has a clear edge-on disk (n ≈ 1−2), and NGC 3818, the remaining three galaxies have Sérsic’s indices n ≈ 3−4 in the optical and a lower index in the UV. Bright ring- or arm-like structures are revealed by UV images and luminosity profiles of NGC 1415, NGC 1533, NGC 1543, NGC 2685, NGC 2974, and IC 2006. The ring- or arm-like structures differ from galaxy to galaxy. Sérsic indices of UV profiles for these galaxies are in the range n = 1.5−3 both in S0s and in galaxies classified as bona fide ellipticals, such as NGC 2974 and IC 2006. We note that in our sample optical Sérsic indices are usually higher than in the UV indices. (M2−V) color profiles are bluer in ring- or arm-like structures than in the galaxy body.
Conclusions. The lower values of Sérsic indices in the UV bands with respect to optical bands, suggesting the presence of a disk, point out that the role of the dissipation cannot be neglected in recent evolutionary phases of these early-type galaxies.
Key words: galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD / galaxies: fundamental parameters / ultraviolet: galaxies / galaxies: evolution
Full Table A.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/602/A97
© ESO, 2017