Further evidence for a sub-year magnetic chromospheric activity cycle and activity phase jumps in the planet host τ Boötis
Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
Received: 29 July 2016
Accepted: 4 October 2016
We examine the S-index data, obtained in the context of the Mount Wilson H&K project for the nearby F-type star τ Boo, for the presence of possible cyclic variations on timescales below one year and “phase jump” episodes in the observed S-index activity levels, to determine whether such features are persistent properties of the chromospheric activity of τ Boo and possibly other late-type stars. Within the Mount Wilson H&K project τ Boo was observed during 1278 individual nights, albeit with a very inhomogeneous coverage ranging from 2 to 137 observations per year. Our analysis shows that periodical variations with timescales on the order of 110–120 days are a persistent feature of the Mount Wilson data set. Furthermore we provide further examples of “phase jump” episodes, when the observed S-index activity drops from maximum to minimum levels on timescales of one to two weeks, hence such features also appear to occur on a more or less regular basis in τ Boo.
Key words: stars: activity / stars: chromospheres / stars: late-type
© ESO, 2017