EDP Sciences
Planck 2015 results
Free Access

Fig. 22


Constraints on the tensor-to-scalar ratio r0.002 in the ΛCDM model with running, using Planck TT+lowP (samples, coloured by the running parameter), and Planck TT+lowP+lensing+BAO (black contours). Dashed contours show the corresponding constraints also including the BKPB-mode likelihood. These are compared to the constraints when the running is fixed to zero (blue contours). Parameters are plotted at k = 0.002 Mpc-1, which is approximately the scale at which Planck probes tensor fluctuations; however, the scalar tilt is only constrained well on much smaller scales. The inflationary slow-roll consistency relation is used here for nt (though the range of running allowed is much larger than would be expected in most slow-roll models).