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Planck 2013 results
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Fig. 13

image

Evolution of the star formation density (upper panel) and effective bias as a function of redshift (lower panel), as constrained from our extended halo model. In both panels, the median realization of the model is represented with a red line, the ± 1σ confidence region in dark orange, and the ± 2σ region in light orange. In the upper panel the reported data are the same as in Fig. 11. In the lower panel, we also plot the evolution of the dark matter-halo bias for dark matter halo masses of 1011M (dashed line), 1012M (dot-dashed line), and 1013M (three-dots-dashed line).

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