Theoretical performance of serrated external occulters for solar coronagraphy
Application to ASPIICS
Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS UMR 7293,
Lagrange, Parc Valrose,
Nice Cedex 2, France
2 European Space Research and Technology Center, European Space Agency, Keplerlaan 1, 2201 Noordwijk, The Netherlands
3 Thales Alenia Space, 5 allée des Gabians, 06150 Cannes, France
Accepted: 17 January 2018
Context. This study is made in the context of the future solar coronagraph ASPIICS of the ESA formation-flying mission Proba-3.
Aims. In the context of solar coronagraphy, we provide a comparative study of the theoretical performance of serrated (or toothed) external occulters by varying the number and size of the teeth, which we compare to the sharp-edged and apodized disks. The tooth height is small (a few centimeters), to avoid hindering the observation of the solar corona near the limb. We first analyze the diffraction pattern produced by such occulters. In a second step, we compute the umbra profile by integration over the Sun.
Methods. We explored a few methods to compute the diffraction pattern. Two of them were implemented. The first is based on 2D fast Fourier transformation (FFT) routines and a multiplication by the Fresnel filter of the form exp(−iπλzu2). Simple rules were derived and discussed to set the sampling conditions. The Maggi–Rubinowicz representation is then proposed as an alternative method, and is proven to be very efficient for this study.
Results. Serrated occulters tend to create a two-level intensity pattern, the inner being the darker, which perfectly matches a previously reported geometrical prediction. The diffraction in this central region is lower by two to four orders of magnitude when compared to the sharp-edged disk. The achieved umbra level at the center ranges from 10−4 to below 10−7, depending on the geometry of the teeth.
Conclusions. Our study shows that serrated occulters can achieve a high rejection and can almost reach the performance of the apodized disk when very many teeth are used. We prove that shaped occulters must be preferred to simple disks in solar and stellar coronagraphy.
Key words: Sun: corona / instrumentation: high angular resolution / methods: numerical
© ESO 2018