Can BL Lacertae emission explain the neutrinos above 0.2 PeV?
1 Gran Sasso Science Institute, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
2 Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, 67100 Assergi (L’Aquila), Italy
Received: 6 March 2017
Accepted: 26 May 2017
Context. Multi-messenger astronomy can help to investigate the sources of the high-energy neutrinos observed by the high-energy neutrino telescope IceCube.
Aims. We consider the hypothesis that the highest energy neutrinos are produced by BL Lacs, arguing that this is not contradicted severely by any known fact.
Methods. We check the BL Lac hypothesis by searching for correlations between the through-going muon events of IceCube and the BL Lacs of the second catalog of Fermi-LAT (2FHL).
Results. We expect 10.2 ± 2.4 correlated events but we find that just 1 event has a BL Lac as counterpart. We also assess the probability of observing one multiplet from the same source, finding that the present null result is not yet of critical significance.
Conclusions. We conclude that the hypothesis that the BL Lacs are the main emitters of the highest-energy neutrinos observed by IceCube is disfavored at 3.7σ. We discuss implications and possible ways out; for example, this could work if the angular resolution was 4°, which is much more than expected.
Key words: neutrinos / astroparticle physics
© ESO, 2017