Statistical analysis of bound companions in the Coma cluster
Department of Physics, Basel University, Klingelbergstrasse 82, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Received: 6 February 2017
Accepted: 12 April 2017
Aims. The rich and nearby Coma cluster of galaxies is known to have substructure. We aim to create a more detailed picture of this substructure by searching directly for bound companions around individual giant members.
Methods. We have used two catalogs of Coma galaxies, one covering the cluster core for a detailed morphological analysis, another covering the outskirts. The separation limit between possible companions (secondaries) and giants (primaries) is chosen as MB = −19 and MR = −20, respectively for the two catalogs. We have created pseudo-clusters by shuffling positions or velocities of the primaries and search for significant over-densities of possible companions around giants by comparison with the data. This method was developed and applied first to the Virgo cluster. In a second approach we introduced a modified nearest neighbor analysis using several interaction parameters for all galaxies.
Results. We find evidence for some excesses due to possible companions for both catalogs. Satellites are typically found among the faintest dwarfs (MB < −16) around high-luminosity primaries. The most significant excesses are found around very luminous late-type giants (spirals) in the outskirts, which is expected in an infall scenario of cluster evolution. A rough estimate for an upper limit of bound galaxies within Coma is ~2−4%, to be compared with ~7% for Virgo.
Conclusions. The results agree well with the expected low frequency of bound companions in a regular cluster such as Coma. To exploit the data more fully and reach more detailed insights into the physics of cluster evolution we suggest applying the method also to model clusters created by N-body simulations for comparison.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: Coma / galaxies: dwarf / galaxies: interactions / galaxies: statistics / galaxies: structure
© ESO, 2017