The GIRAFFE Inner Bulge Survey (GIBS)
1 Instituto de Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Macul, Santiago, Chile
2 Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Macul, Santiago, Chile
3 UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh, EH9 3HJ, UK
4 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild Strasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
5 Excellence Cluster Origin and Structure of the Universe, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
6 Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andres Bello, Av. Fernandez Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
7 Vatican Observatory, V 00120 Vatican City State, Italy
8 The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara St., Pasadena, CA 91101–1292, USA
9 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS UMR 8111, Université Paris Diderot, 92125 Meudon Cedex, France
10 Université de la Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
11 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
Received: 28 September 2016
Accepted: 27 October 2016
Context. Several recent studies have demonstrated that the Galactic bulge hosts two components with different mean metallicities, and possibly different spatial distribution and kinematics. As a consequence, both the metallicity distribution and the radial velocity of bulge stars vary across different lines of sight.
Aims. We present here the metallicity distribution function of red clump stars in 26 fields spread across a wide area of the bulge, with special emphasis on fields close to Galactic plane, at latitudes b = −2° and b = −1°, that have not been explored before.
Methods. This paper includes new metallicities from a sample of approximately 5000 K giant stars, observed at spectral resolution R~ 6500, in the Calcium II Triplet region. These represent the main dataset from the GIRAFFE Inner Bulge Survey. As part of the same survey we have previously published results for a sample of approximately 600 K giant stars, at latitude b ~ −4°, derived from higher resolution spectra (R = 22 500).
Results. The combined sample allows us to trace and characterize the metal poor and metal rich bulge populations down to the inner bulge. We present a density map for each of the two components. Contrary to expectations from previous works, we found the metal poor population to be more centrally concentrated than the metal rich one, and with a more axisymmetric spatial distribution. The metal rich population, on the other hand, is arranged in a boxy distribution, consistent with an edge-on bar. By coupling metallicities and radial velocities we show that the metal poor population has a velocity dispersion that varies rather mildly with latitude. On the contrary, the metal rich population has a low velocity dispersion far from the plane (b = −8.5°), yet has a steeper gradient with latitude, becoming higher than the metal poor one in the innermost field (b = −1°).
Conclusions. This work provides new observational constraints on the actual chemodynamical properties of the Galactic bulge, that will help discrimination between different formation models.
Key words: stars: abundances / Galaxy: bulge / Galaxy: structure / Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics / Galaxy: stellar content
Based on observations taken with ESO telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme IDs 71.B-0617, 385.B-0735 and 187.B-0909.
Full Table 1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/599/A12
© ESO, 2017